All You Need To Know About Morton’s Neuroma

January 26, 2017

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s neuroma is a common medical condition presenting with pain felt on the plantar surface of the foot, also known as the sole of the foot. It occurs due to pressure being placed on the plantar digital nerve, which is the nerve passing through the long bones of the foot. The most common area where this type of neuroma is located is the nerve between the third and fourth metatarsal bones or toes; however, it can also affect the nerve between the first and second or second and third metatarsal bones. While this form of neuroma is a common cause of pain in these areas, it is possible that the pain felt could be due to alternate conditions. This article will provide information on the condition acting as a guide to the ailment.

What Are The Different Symptoms Of The Neuroma?

Individuals suffering from this medical condition will initially feel a tingling sensation between the metatarsal bones discussed above. The tingling sensation is typically felt due to irritation caused by the nerve; thus, resulting in a painful experience. The pain can be mild; however, if untreated, will progress to severe and chronic. Pain is often felt as a burning sensation in the base of the foot and, in some cases, toe cramping. A severe case may also experience numbness in the toes and base of the foot.

What Is The Etiology Of The Neuroma?

Presently, the full etiology of Morton’s neuroma is unknown; however, it is considered that this type of neuroma is a result of prolonged stress being placed on the affected area. The stress will increase compression of the plantar nerve, and this will result in irritation; thus, leading to sensations of pain or numbness. It is also possible that inflammation of the sole can cause irritation of the nerve resulting in feelings of tingling or pain. Research has shown that the development of bursa, the growth of lipoma, abnormal anatomy, and excess growth of bones can play a role in the development of this medical condition.

What Factors Can Lead To The Neuroma?

One of the most common factors that can lead to this type of neuroma is the wearing of high heel shoes or shoes that are ill-fitting; hence, the fact that this neuroma is seen more typically among females. High hell shoes and tight-fitting shoes tend to place undue pressure on the ball of the foot resulting in nerve irritation and compression; therefore, contributing to the development of Morton’s neuroma.

The second most common factor that can lead to this type of neuroma is the presence of high arches or flatfeet. It is seen that people who have these physical features are more prone to nerve compression; therefore, more at risk of developing a neuroma and offers some treatment options.

Finally, people who are engaging in sporting activities where pressure is placed on the feet are more at risk of developing a neuroma; for example, runners and high jumpers will be at risk due to the repetitive trauma experienced by the individual.